The carbohydrate binding site recognizes (β-1,4) linked N-acetylglucosamine oligomers, preferring chitobiose or chitotriose over a single N-acetylglucosamine residue. This lectin binds well in the acidic pH range but its affinity decreases above pH 8.0.
DSL also binds well to N-acetyllactosamine and oligomers containing repeating N-acetyllactosamine sequences. A branched pentasaccharide including two N-acetyllactosamine disaccharides linked to mannose (β-1,6) and (β-1,2) was reported to be the most potent inhibitor of agglutination.
Biotinylated Datura stramonium lectin has an appropriate number of biotins bound to provide the optimum staining characteristics for this lectin. This conjugate is supplied essentially free of unconjugated biotins and is preserved with sodium azide.
I recently purchased a biotinylated lectin. The datasheet supplied with the lectin suggests including 0.1 mM Ca++as part of the recommended buffer to prepare a working solution. What should I specifically add, and why is this required?
From our experience we have found that some lectins require Ca++ to be present for optimal binding activity. We suggest using calcium chloride (CaCl2) to fortify working solutions and ensure a minimum level of Ca++ is meet. This may be particularly pertinent if using phosphate based buffers as diluents and storage solutions.
DSL contains two chains of 40 kDa and 46 kDa joined by disulfide bonds. This lectin is free of a reported 32 kDa contaminant protein.
This biotinylated lectin is an ideal intermediate for examining glycoconjugates using the Biotin-Avidin/Streptavidin System. First the biotinylated lectin is added, followed by the VECTASTAIN ABC Reagent, Avidin D conjugate, or streptavidin derivative.