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Biotin-dPEG®₃-oxyamine. HCl (QBD-11100)

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Description

Biotin-dPEG®3-oxyamine·HCl, product number QBD-11100, consists of a short (14 atoms, 16.6 Å) single molecular weight, discrete PEG (dPEG®) spacer functionalized at each end with biotin and an oxyamine group (as the HCl salt), respctively. This PEG biotin compound reacts with aldehydes and ketones to forms stable oxime bonds. Using this biotinylation reagent permits biotin labeling of the carbohydrate coats of glycoproteins after the introduction of aldehydes and ketones on the carbohydrate coat using enzymatic (for example, galactose oxidase) or mild chemical reaction conditions such as sodium periodate.

Biotinylation is the process of covalently attaching biotin to a molecule such as a peptide, protein, or nucleic acid, or surfaces such as glass or gold. Bioconjugation research and product development and numerous clinical assays use biotinylated molecules. The amphiphilic dPEG® linker of Biotin-dPEG®3-oxyamine·HCl imparts excellent water solubility to biotin, which is usually poorly soluble in water and causes non-specific hydrophobic interactions when conjugated to biomolecules.

Some commercially available biotin-aminooxy products use either no spacer or a hydrophobic alkyl chain as a spacer between biotin and the aminooxy moiety. Such products have poor solubility in water and must be dissolved in a dry organic solvent such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) immediately before use, which can be problematic under some conditions. If used on proteins, these hydrophobic products may trigger aggregation and precipitation of the biotinylated molecule. Even if aggregation and precipitation do not occur, the hydrophobic spacer can contribute to non-specific binding. Because it is amphiphilic, Biotin-dPEG®3-oxyamine·HCl can be dissolved in water or aqueous buffer and used directly in a conjugation reaction. QBD-11100 will not cause aggregation or precipitation of the biotinylated molecule. Moreover, the hydrophilicity of the dPEG® linker reduces or eliminates non-specific binding.

An aminooxy group (also known as an alkoxyamine) consists of a primary terminal amine adjacent to oxygen (i.e., —ONH2). This group reacts selectively and efficiently with aldehydes to form an aldoxime linkage and with ketones to form a ketoxime linkage. An oxime bond is more stable than a hydrazone bond and does not need to be reduced to a secondary amine to stabilize it. Aldehydes and ketones occur relatively rarely in nature; however, using sodium periodate, aldehydes can be formed in glycoproteins whose carbohydrate coats contain reducing sugars. Moreover, scientific literature examples demonstrate the introduction of ketones into bacterial cell walls through liposomal fusion.

Specifications

Unit Size25 mg, 1000mg
Molecular Weight3019.76; single compound
Chemical formulaC₁₈H₃₅CIN₄O₆S
CASN/A
Purity> 98%
SpacersdPEG® Spacer is 153 atoms and 179.8 Å
ShippingAmbient
Typical solubility properties (for additional information contact Customer Support)Methylene chloride, DMAC or DMSO.
Storage and handling-20°C; Always let come to room temperature before opening; be careful to limit exposure to moisture and restore under an inert atmosphere; stock solutions can be prepared with dry solvent and kept for several days (freeze when not in use). dPEG® pegylation compounds are generally hygroscopic and should be treated as such. This will be less noticeable with liquids, but the solids will become tacky and difficult to manipulate, if care is not taken to minimize air exposure.



References

Greg T. Hermanson, Bioconjugate Techniques, 2nd Edition, Elsevier Inc., Burlington, MA 01803, April, 2008 (ISBN-13: 978-0-12-370501-3; ISBN-10: 0-12-370501-0); See pp. 276-335 for general description and use of heterobifunctional crosslinkers, and the specific sample protocol for SPDP and LC-SPDP on pp. 286-288. See Greg’s extensive index on pp. 1192-1193 for references to a number and range of applications and their respective protocols.

Greg T. Hermanson, Bioconjugate Techniques, 3rd Edition, Elsevier, Waltham, MA 02451, 2013, ISBN 978-0-12-382239-0; See Chapter 18, Discrete PEG Reagents, pp. 787-821, for a full overview of the dPEG® products.

Reduced Sialylation Impacts Ventricular Repolarization by Modulating Specific K+ Channel Isoforms Distinctly. Andrew R. Ednie and Eric S. Bennett. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2014. December 18, 2014. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.605139.

Applicable patents and legal notices are available at legal notices.

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